The Integrated Participatory Watershed Rehabilitation Approach-Best Practices from Turkey

Erdogan Ozevren


Combating of desertification is an extremely important but difficult task in affected developing countries, where the work usually involves hundreds and thousands of small farmers, herd owners and government manpower and resources are limited. Many of the degraded land rehabilitation projects or programs have been hampered or have failed because of the wrong or/and lack approach.

This approach has similar strategies with UNCCD Ten Year Strategies which are to create global benefits, to improve affected ecosystem, to improve the livelihood of affected populations and to mobilize resources. The strategies of this approach are i)degraded land rehabilitation, ii)livelihood improvement, iii) human resources improvement, iv) participation at the all level and sustainability and v) integrated of the all strategies.

The outcomes of the approach of the integrated participatory watershed rehabilitation, seeking to develop a powerful tool for use by local communities/administrations and relevant bodies for a bottom to top approach, as quantified entity, means to direct, rehabilitated degraded land as range, forest and agriculture, the day and future land and water use decisions to be taken at each levels as planning, implementation and monitoring etc. by the all related stake holders.


land degradation, watershed rehabilitation, participation, integrated.

Full Text:



Darghouth, S. et al. (2008): Watershed Management Approaches, Policies, and Operations: Lessons for Scaling Up, WB Water Sector Board Discussion Paper, No:11: 37-40.

Ozevren, E. and Berberoglu, P. (2013): Zero Net Land Approach in Combating of Desertification, Forest Engineering, ISSN 1301-3572 , 28-31.

Sheng, C. T. (1990): Watershed Conservation II, 16-21, The Chines Soil and Water Conservation Society and Colorado State University.

Kapur, S. (2011): Sustainable Land and Water Use: Learning from the Past for The Future, Chapter 1,

Svenson, L. (2005): Socio-economic Indicators for Causes and Consequences of Land Degradation, LADA Technical Paper FAO, 2-3.

IUCN, (2002). Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Sustainable Soils, IUCN Environmental Policy and Law Paper No: 45, 14-15.

Bowyer, C. Et al. (2008): Land Degradation and Desertification, European Parliament

Policy Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy, 1.

WMO, (2005): Climate and Land Degradation, World Meteorological Organization ISBN 92-63-10989-3, No: 989, 8.

NBMS, (2010): National Basin Management Strategy Sector Note Final Draft.