A Generic Action Plan against the Invasion of the EU by an Emerging Pathogen in Wildlife - A WildTech Perspective

Bénédicte Béneult, Alexandre Ciliberti, Marc Artois

Abstract


In recent years, several animal diseases caused major crisis within the European Union, for example: Foot and mouth disease, Avian Influenza, Bluetongue. Over the years , the European Union and its member states set up several management tools, including surveillance, notification process, diagnostics and contingency planning in order to contain, control and eradicate animal diseases.

Wildlife plays a growing role in the origin of zoonotic and livestock diseases. In wild populations the setting up of similar management tools can be complicated because of the difficulties to collect information on wild animal, to know the government structure in charge of wildlife and to follow the evolution of the disease in the population. Nevertheless an emerging or re-emerging disease in wildlife could have dramatic consequences threatening domestic animals or human health.

A generic action plan for the control of wildlife infections has to be integrated in tools and organizations already in place for the containment, control and eradication of domestic animal diseases and zoonoses. We present a tentative generic plan based on European and International institutions guidelines, bringing together legal surroundings, financial resources, governance system, material resources, procedures and methods required, the instructions of the coordination, cooperation and communication. This action plan is designed to be functional, easy to read and use; it should allow, in time of crisis, to quickly contact relevant people and act efficiently. The success in the disease control and eradication will rely on the consultation and the coordination of different bodies concerned by wildlife management in Europe. Then, the existence of such a tool should be a real progress in case of emerging disease outbreaks in wildlife.


Keywords


Wildlife, Emerging Disease, European Union, Contingency Plan

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References


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