Using a One Health Approach to Promote Food and Nutrition Security in Tanzania and Zambia

Robyn Gwen Alders, Agnes Aongolo, Brigitte Bagnol, Juli De Bruyn, Sabas Kimboka, Richard Kocj, Mu Li, Wende Maulaga, Robyn Mcconchie, Siobhan Mor, Halifa Msami, Francis Mulenga, Mick Mwala, Shadreck Mwale, Bruce Pengelly, Jonathan Rushton, Judy Simpson, Rose Victor, Charles Yongolo, Mary Young


Food security is a global priority requiring a multi-pronged approach. In Tanzania and Zambia stunting in children under five, a major determinant of individual development, is estimated to be 42% and 45% respectively, despite years of agricultural research and development.  Both countries are seeking sustainable solutions to the food security challenge that will improve human nutrition through improved household income and dietary diversification.  Despite increases in agricultural production over the past two decades, malnutrition rates in children have not diminished significantly in many developing countries. 


Local initiatives, such as enhancing traditional livestock-crop systems, can provide a sustainable solution to the ongoing demographic challenges in Africa which are driving the need for more food.  The aim of this project is to reduce childhood undernutrition by analysing and testing opportunities to enhance the key role that women play in improving poultry and crop integration and efficiency to strengthen household nutrition in an ecologically sustainable manner.  A One Health approach is being employed by the project in support of increased poultry and crop value chain efficiency and household food and nutrition security by bringing together animal, crop and human health specialists, economists, ecologists and social scientists to work with participating communities.


Food security; malnutrition; One Health

Full Text:



Alders, R.G., Bagnol, B., Farrell, P., Fornace, K., Gleeson, L., Kock, R., Rushton, J. and Rushton, R. (2012): The human dimensions of food safety and biosecurity with special emphasis on chronic food and financial insecurity. Emerging Infectious Diseases Symposium Abstract Booklet, CSIRO, Geelong, 22-23 October, 2012, p. 57.

Alders, R.G., Bagnol, B. and Young, M.P. (2010): Technically sound and sustainable Newcastle disease control in village chickens: lessons learnt over fifteen years. World’s Poultry Science Journal 66(03), 433-440.

Alders, R.G. and Pym, R.A.E. (2009): Village poultry: still important to millions, eight thousand years after domestication. World’s Poultry Science Journal 65(02),181-190.

Bagnol B. (2009): Gender Issues in Small-scale Family Poultry Production: Experiences with ND and HPAI control. World’s Poultry Science Journal 65:231-240.

CSO, MOH, TDRC, UNZA and Macro International Inc. (2009): Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2007. Central Statistical Office (CSO), Ministry of Health (MOH), Tropical Diseases Research Centre (TDRC), University of Zambia, and Macro International Inc., Calverton, Maryland, USA.

Foley, J. A, Ramankutty, N., Brauman, K. A, Cassidy, E. S., Gerber, J. S., Johnston, M., Mueller, N. D., et al. (2011): Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478(7369), 337–42. doi:10.1038/nature10452.

Hawkes, C., Turner R., and Waage, J. (2012): Current and Planned Research on Agriculture for Improved Nutrition: A Mapping and a Gap Analysis. Aberdeen: Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health (LCIRAH) and Centre for Sustainable International Development, University of Aberdeen.

Idikut, L., Atalay, A.I., Kara, S.N. and Kamalak, A. (2009): Effect of Hybrid on Starch, Protein and Yields of Maize Grain. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 8(10),1945-1947.

Kaput, J. (2010): Using genetics to tackle malnutrition. SciDevNet. [accessed 4 June 2013]

Masset, E., Haddad, L., Cornelius, A. and Isaza-Castro, J. (2012): Effectiveness of agricultural interventions that aim to improve nutritional status of children: systematic review. British Medical Journal 344:d8222doi:10.1136/bmj.d8222 (Published 17 January2012)

NBS and ICF Macro. (2011): Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey 2010. National Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and ICF Macro, Maryland, USA.

Quisumbing, A.R., Brown, L.R., Feldstein, H.S., Haddad, L. and Pena, C. (1995): Women: The Key to Food Security. Food Policy Statement No. 21, Aug. 1995. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.

Samal, S.K. (2011): Newcastle Disease and Related Avian Paramyxoviruses. The Biology of Paramyxoviruses, pp. 69-114, Caister Academic Press, Norfolk, UK.