A Disaster Management Framework for Coping with Acts of Extreme Violence in School Settings: A Field Study

Camelia Dumitriu, Carmen Aida Hutu


This article presents the results of an interdisciplinary three-year research project on disaster management planning for coping with acts of extreme violence in schools. The project was funded by the SSH Research Council of Canada and carried out by an academic team from University of Quebec at Montreal (UQAM) in collaboration with researchers from six countries[1]. In this article, the ‟Pressure and Release†and the ‟Triangle of Risk†models were used to identify (a) the root causes and the dynamic pressures that can increase the vulnerability of the educational system to hazards related to acts of extreme violence in schools, and the susceptibility to the impact of these hazards; (b) the main deficiencies in preparedness, and; (c) the challenges raised by the intervention process and the disaster recovery stage. The findings of this study have been integrated in a comprehensive framework that can be used to address the process of disaster risk management at each stage of the “risk cycle†(prevention, intervention and recovery).

[1]The first author of the present article is the project leader.



disaster risk management; man-made disaster; educational system; school violence; school shooting; contingency planning

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th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC Davos 2012.

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