Women's Health in Natural Disasters: A Vulnerability Analysis

Yasamin O. Izadkhah, Katayoun Jahangiri, Jila Sadighi


Women are among the most vulnerable groups of society in natural disasters. In this regard, the aim of the present study is to identify the influential factors of women's vulnerability in natural disasters and proposing strategies to reduce the risk. This study has been conducted in Iran consisting a narrative review and a qualitative study (focus group discussion) in order to determine the views of decision makers and to propose strategies for improving approaches to reduce women's vulnerability in disasters. The main findings of this study include: lack of needs assessment regarding women in disaster situations; insufficient legal support of women; need for more credits to be allocated for women in disaster management issues; absence of enough female experts in the field of disaster management; lack of women's presence especially in the responsible government agencies; constant use of men as relief and rescuers without having women in the team; and lack of specialized centers to train women for relief and rescue activities.


Women health, Vulnerability analysis, Natural disasters, Qualitative study

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