SLM Oriented Projects in Tajikistan: Experience and Lessons Learned

German Kust, Jessica Mott, Nandita Jain, Thirumangalam Sampath, Angela Armstrong


Three cross-linked projects with SLM component have been/are implemented/ in Tajikistan : Community Agriculture and Watershed Management Project (CAWMP): 2004 – 2012; Land Registration and Cadastral System for Sustainable Agriculture Project (LRCSP): 2005-2014; Environmental Land Management and Rural Livelihoods Project (ELMARL): proposed for 2013-2017. CAWMP and ELMARL have a GEF supported component. The projects’ SLM policy is successive, although different projects cover diverse directions of agricultural development: community actions and participatory capacities building, peculiarities of land privatization and fragmentation, and climate change adaptation. The synergy of the projects environmental results appears in: Awareness raising in environmental risks assessment, application of environmentally and economically effective technologies in farm production; Experience in water- , soil- and energy-saving technologies in rural areas; Improvement of sanitary and ecologic conditions in villages; Rehabilitation of degraded lands (incl. irrigated) and increase of soils fertility; Rehabilitation and access to pastures; Fixing erosion on slope lands by woodlots, horticulture, haying, etc. Lessons learned for further results development are the following. Negative: Low skills of project environmental stuff, Weak contacts with governmental stakeholders responsible for environmental issues, Lack of information sharing and low use of Web opportunities, Weak integration with other projects and donors. Positive: Growth of level of national environmental NGOs, High effectiveness of local small interventions (bottom-up) in comparison with national-level activities (top-down), Replicability and sustainabilty of environmentally sound activities, Increasing attention to pastures as an important natural resource, Rising possibilities and capacities to space imagery use.


sustainable land management, World Bank, international projects, best practice

Full Text:



Barbone, Luca; Reva, Anna; Zaidi, Salman. 2010. Tajikistan : key priorities for climate change adaptation. Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5487. Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. 22 pages

Heltberg, Rasmus; Reva, Anna; Zaidi, Salman. 2012.Tajikistan - Economic and distributional impact of climate change. Europe and Central Asia knowledge brief ; issue no. 50. Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. /2012/04/16280495/tajikistan-economic-distributional-impact-climate-change. 4 pages

Kust German. SLM oriented projects in Tajikistan: experience and lessons learnt from WOCAT methodology application //Share Fair and International Workshop and Steering Meeting Bishkek and Naryn, Kyrgyzstan 21 - 27 June 2011. Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) University of Bern Bern, Switzerland, , 2011. p. 30-30

Qurbonova, Zuhro; Zaidi, Salman. 2012. Tajikistan - From recovery to a sustainable growth. Tajikistan economic report ; no. 2. Washington DC : World Bank. 20 pages

World Bank. 2006. Sustainable Land Management : Challenges, Opportunities, and Trade-offs. Washington, DC: World Bank. handle/10986/7132. 112 pages

World Bank. 2007. Integrating Environment into Agriculture and Forestry. Progress and Prospects in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Volume II. TAJIKISTAN. Country Review. November 2007. 18 pages

World Bank. 2008. Doing business 2009 : country profile for Tajikistan - comparing regulation in 181 economies. Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. 86 pages

World Bank. 2008. Tajikistan Country Environmental Analysis. Report No. 43465-TJ. 146 pages

World Bank. 2009. Tajikistan - Poverty assessment. Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. 132 pages

World Bank. 2009. Trade brief. Vol. 1 of Tajikistan - World trade indicators 2009. World trade indicators 2009. Washington D.C. : The Worldbank. curated/en/2009/12/17235413/tajikistan-world-trade-indicators-2009-vol-1-2-trade-brief. 2 pages

World Bank. 2012. Increasing the benefits of land reform. Tajikistan agriculture sector ; policy note no. 1. Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. http://documents. 7 pages

World Bank. 2012. Main report. Vol. 1 of Tajikistan - Priorities for sustainable growth : a strategy for agriculture sector development. Public expenditure review (PER). Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. 76 pages

World Bank. 2012. Tajikistan - Farmer and farm worker perceptions of land reform and sustainable agriculture. Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. /curated/en/2012/06/16461734/tajikistan-farmer-farm-worker-perceptions-land-reform-sustainable-agriculture. 101 pages

World Bank. 2012. Tajikistan - Priorities for sustainable growth : a strategy for agriculture sector development. Vol. 7 of Tajikistan - Priorities for sustainable growth : a strategy for agriculture sector development. Public expenditure review (PER). Washington D.C. - The Worldbank. 26 pages

World Bank. 2013. Summary of the report. Vol. 2 of Tajikistan - Economic and distributional impact of climate change. Washington DC : World Bank. 9 pages