Incorporating Science and Technology for Disaster Reduction, – the Japanese Experience

Saturo Nishikawa

Abstract


Japan, throughout her history has long dealt with disasters, has recorded disasters, developed technologies to confront disasters. Even in recent two centuries when modern scientific observation was introduced, has accumulated experience of confronting with typhoons, earthquakes and tsunamis. Through these bitter experiences, Japan was prepared against strong M8 class earthquakes and tsunamis of 30 to 150 year return period. However the 11 March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake was brought by a crustal movement far greater than the Jogan Earthquake 1100 years back in history. On the other hand, structural and non-structural earthquake countermeasures based on the experiences previous earthquakes have proven to be effective in earthquake disaster reduction. New technologies based on the latest scientific knowledge have proven its great value. These experiences are being shared with the international comunity and will be further shared on the occasion of the Third WCDRR in March 2015.


Keywords


disaster risk reduction; application of science and technology; HFA; Great East Japan Earthquake; typhoon; tsunami; post-2015 framework.

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