Analyzing Risk and Disaster in Megaurban Systems – Experiences from Mumbai and Jakarta

Gerrit Peters, Carsten Butsch, Franziska Krachten, Frauke Kraas, Sridharan Namperumal, Muh Aris Marfai

Abstract


The inherent qualities of megacities call for specific risk analysis and specific strategies and capabilities in megaurban risk and disaster management. As megaurbanization proceeds at a hitherto unprecedented pace, the vulnerability of the world’s largest metropolises and the risk accumulated in them is gradually being understood. However, megaurban risk and disaster management are yet to be developed and established as full-fledged concepts. Thus far, empirically based knowledge and tools are scarce. The framework we introduce allows for an analytical approach to megaurban risk and disaster based on a systemic understanding of megacities as complex adaptive systems (CAS). Implications of our conceptualization are discussed using findings of empirical research on flooding in Mumbai/India and Jakarta/Indonesia. The application of the framework illustrates its  potential for an improved understanding of root causes and effects of megaurban risk and disaster, amplifying factors that increase the impact of megaurban disasters and secondary risks that occur in the aftermaths of megaurban disasters. At the same time the CAS-framework allows for identifying options available for dealing with risk and disasters.

Keywords


Risk; Disaster; Megacities; Urban; Systems Theory; Vulnerability; Resilience; Mumbai; Jakarta;

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References


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