Novel Indicators for Identifying Critical INFRAstructure at RISK from Natural Hazards

Mark Tucker

Abstract


The achievements of the European Union targets regarding energy and socio-economic sustainability are highly dependent on the way risks and vulnerabilities of European operating infrastructure networks and critical assets are minimised against natural extreme events. The INFRARISK project is developing reliable stress tests for European critical infrastructure using integrated modelling tools for decision-support. As a result it is possible to obtain higher infrastructure networks resilience to rare and low probability extreme events. INFRARISK advances decision making approaches and leads to better protection of existing infrastructure whilst achieving more robust strategies for the development of new ones. INFRARISK expands existing stress test procedures and adapts them to critical land-based infrastructure, which may be exposed to or threatened by natural hazards. Integrated risk mitigation scenarios and strategies are employed, using local, national and pan-European infrastructure risk analysis methodologies. These take into consideration multiple hazards and risks with cascading impact assessments. The INFRARISK approach robustly models spatio-temporal processes with propagated dynamic uncertainties in multiple risk complexity scenarios. An operational framework with cascading hazards, impacts and dependent geospatial vulnerabilities is developed. This framework is a central driver to practical software tools and guidelines that provide greater support to the next generation of European infrastructure managers to analyse and handle scenarios of extreme events. The minimisation of the impact of such events by the supporting tools establishes optimum mitigation measures and rapid response. INFRARISK delivers a collaborative integrated platform where risk management professionals access and share data, information and risk scenario results efficiently and intuitively

Keywords


Critical infrastructure; risk analysis; natural hazards; Disaster Preparedness

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Alfieri, L., Salamon, P., Bianchi, A., Neal, J., Bates, P. and Feyen, L. (2013). Advances in pan-European flood hazard mapping, Hydrol. Process., doi: 10.1002/hyp.9947

Giardini, D., Woessner, J., Danciu, L., Crowley, H., Cotton, F., Grünthal, G., Pinho R., Valensise G. and the SHARE consortium. (2013). SHARE European Seismic Hazard Map for Peak Ground Acceleration, 10% Exceedance Probabilities in 50 years, doi: 10.2777/30345, ISBN-13, 978-92-79-25148-1

EEA (2012) Climate change, Impacts and Vulnerability in Europe 2012 an Indicator-Based Report, EEA Report No 12/2012, 304 pp., European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.

EEA (2010a) Mapping the Impacts of Natural Hazards and Technological Accidents in Europe an Overview of the Last Decade, EEA Technical report No 13/2010, 146 pp., European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.

Panagos, P., Van Liedekerke, M., Jones, A. and Montanarella, L., (2012). European Soil Data Centre: Response to European policy support and public data requirements, Land Use Policy, 29, 329-338

EEA (2010b) The European Environment — State and Outlook 2010: Synthesis, 228 pp. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.

ECTP European Construction Technology Platform (2007) Strategic Research Agenda for the European Construction Sector Implementation Action Plan Version 1, July 20th. www.ectp.org