Assessment of Ecosystem Services for Urban Resilience – Case Study in Singapore

Jeannette Sieber


Within urban development research, the benefits derived from so-called ecosystem services (ES) should be taken into account. To valuate ES, different methods are applicable, such as Cost-Benefit Analysis and/or Geographical Information System (GIS) based approaches. In 2012, the World Resources Institute published a manual for businesses to account for ES called Ecosystem Service Review (ESR). Therein, a five-step process is illustrated. To achieve an integrated evaluation for cities, EIFER conducts a modified Urban-ESR in Singapore as a case study. The expected outcomes are both qualitative and quantitative values, displayed either in GIS with maps as main output or as tables for decision-support.


Ecosystem Service Review; GIS-based assessment; Urban Development

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