Inclusive Risk Management: A Comprehensive Approach Towards A Safer World For Everyone

Carlos Eduardo Kaiser, Loreto Brossard

Abstract


Through several “trial an errorâ€, the International community struggles to make the world a safer place, but the lack of full inclusion of people with disabilities – according to the World Health Organization World Report on Disabilities- people with disabilities represents the 15% of the world population, that is to say one thousands million people live with any disability and 3% of them have severe functioning problems – it creates an omitted-variable bias. A comprehensive approach is needed towards a safer world for everyone. Current paper explores a comprehensive approach and methodology based on both the ICF from the World Health Organization and the proposals from UNISDR. The paper also offers disabilities and inclusion indicators (quantitative and qualitative ones) and tools such as the inclusive index calculation matrix, all of them based on the ICF for generating inclusive emergency management produced through documental revision, primary and secondary sources consultation, the experience obtained from the 2014 risk award winning project “Peñaflor Town Inclusive Safe Community: resilience for all†and expert validation, establishing ICF scientific validity as a source for Disabilities and Inclusion indicators production, and providing practical guidance to implement such indicators in different territories producing the needed conditions to reach a comprehensive approach towards a safer world for everyone.

Keywords


inclusion, disabilities, risk reduction, risk management

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References


General UN Assembly, (1948) Universal Declaration of Human Rights UN General Assembly

UNISDR (2007), Hyogo Framework for Action 2005- 2015, UNISDR

World Health Organization (2001), Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, WHO

World Health Organization (2011), World Report on Disability, WHO

Kaiser, C (2010), Inclusive Rebuilding Proposal: p 42, Universidad Austral de Chile. Valdivia, Chile

Kaiser, C (2010), Manual Gestión Inclusiva de Emergencias: derechos humanos de las personas con discapacidad durante emergencias, OPS/ OMS