Achievements of the neighborhood association after 1991 Eastbay fire and their sustainability

Chiho Ochiai


Recent disasters have increased awareness of the importance and need for adequate disaster preparedness and recovery. Post-disaster recovery research has primarily focused on the rebuilding of individual households and businesses or infrastructure. However, the intermediate layer of neighborhoods and the roles they serve in the recovery and the preparedness processes are often overlooked. This paper discusses how people and neighborhoods - North Hills Phoenix Association (NHPA), established soon after the 1991 fire - have been involved in post  disaster rebuilding and disaster peparedness. Their roles and activities have shifted over time, from post-disaster reconstruction of neighborhoods to improvements to neighborhood planning, landscape, and safety. Their continuing efforts in community-based disaster preparedness are necessary in order to reduce future chances of disaster.


Neighborhood association; community participation in reconstruction; 1991 Eastbay Fire

Full Text:



FEMA (1992): U.S. Fire Administration/Technical Report Series – The East Bay Hills Fire, Oakland-Berkeley, California, USFA-TR-060/October 1991

North Hills Phoenix Association News, (1992-2014)

White Dick (1995): Neighborhood Organization Activities: Evacuation Drills, Clusters, and Fire Safety Awareness, The Biswell Symposium: Fire Issues and Solutions in Urban Interface and Wildland Ecosystems, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-158. pp.99-104